southdakota, "mindfulness" is just the ability to pay attention in a conscious manner. It can be developed or anhanced through effort, but mostly it is the result of being relaxed and not distracted. If a person is suffering from some kind of neurological disturbance like severe ADHD or ADD, they might not get results from the different kinds of exercises one can use.
'All one really has to do is take a deep breath and "clear the mind" and then look at whatever is in front of one, fully taste one's coffee, for example. The word "mindfulness" is almost a kind of jargon allowing people to sell you what you already own ;) Yet, if you have real obstacles such as PTSD (which involves "intrusive memories") or ADD (attention-deficit disorder) then you might need professional help with those obstacles. With my PTSD for example, my difficulty with typical mindfulness exercise was that I would become mindful of a memory :( and I had to learn from a good therapist how to first push an unwanted interference aside and then engage in a "mindful" state.
Here is a selection of sites including some medical school PDF's:
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 07/08/2010 01:16AM by dsm.